Archive for August, 2013

Science gets a little help from the Crowd

Sunday, August 11th, 2013

The basic definition of crowdsourcing says that it is a process that involves outsourcing tasks to a distributed group of people. These tasks could be online or offline, paid or for free, and they are outsourced to an undefined public. So the idea behind crowdsourcing is that the more people working on a specific project, the better, faster and more varied results will be achieved. The two common functions offered by crowdsourcing are the distribution of large sets of work, and the democratization of opinion gathering, since different groups of people will be able to participate. Interestingly, crowdsourcing channels the experts’ desire to solve a problem freely sharing the answer with everyone. Different projects in a variety of fields have been using crowdsourcing. Examples include projects like GalaxyZoo in astronomy and Encyclopedia of Life in biology. Even the toy company LEGO had its own crowdsourcing project to get input on the most common designs made by customers using their building blocks. In a similar manner, crowdsourcing has been pointed out as a solution to seek for drugs that are effective for specific diseases using big data analytics. The same way crowdsourcing uses “crowds” to solve problems, crowdfunding raises money for projects from different people, mostly via web. It gives everybody the ability to raise money from a collective group of people who are connected through the internet and want to support a specific project. Successful crowdfunding platforms include Kickstarter, Indiegogo and RocketHub. However, can we use both crowdsourcing and crowdfunding in Scientific Projects? Well, since science is a very closed community with several “rules”, I would say at first that it would never work. But, recent cuts in federal funding are helping it become reality. Platforms such as Microryza, founded by two University of Washington graduates in Seattle, is one of the first crowdfunding sites for science. About 80 projects have already raised a combined U$ 200,000 through Microryza. Another specific example is uBiome, which is using crowdsourcing and crowdfunding to sequence and catalogue the microbiome of different people that is willing to participate in their project. Science is typically funded by peer-reviewed grants, however with the advent of the internet, new technologies and social networks, general people is getting the power to do the same. The scientific field could gain a lot from these types of approaches. The only risk is that the public will fund projects that are around themes or topics that they can more readily understand, such as research into Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, diabetes, while other projects may be ignored. We will see. I think that alternatives for federal and governmental funding such as those are really warranted. The use of “crowds” and the general public could be a nice and socialized solution to solve the funding problem in Science.